Customs and traditions
Angola's population is divided into a variety
of peoples and religious groups, often with different
customs and traditions. The national identity is usually
very weak - if it even exists. Instead, Angolans
identify with their own group of people in which they
share traditions, languages and history.
The traditional life patterns have changed
significantly in recent decades. The elderly council,
which had a strong position in the villages and who, for
example, decided which crops to grow, already partially
lost their function in Portugal in 1975. The
responsibility of the Elder Council then transferred to
a large extent to party committees and city councils,
which followed centrally made decisions.
Overview of the capital city of Angola, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Old social rites in connection with, among other
things, births, marriages and deaths are not practiced
to the same extent as before. The main reason for this
is that the social structure of society was broken by
the civil war, which lasted from 1975 to 2002, and by
changing social patterns during the Marxist-Leninist
one-party dictatorship until 1991 (see Modern history).
To health and to eat
The most common way of health is to take a hand and
say olá (hello in Portuguese). Friends can give
each other a hug, a cheek kiss or a thump in the back.
The greeting should not be overstated too quickly and it
is important to ask how it is with the other's family.
You should always greet older people first, and also bow
to those who have a clearly higher age or social status.
In rural areas, women do not like to see other people in
the eyes, especially older women.
The root fruit cassava is the basic food. It can be
ground, baked or burnt to alcohol. A traditional dish is
funje, a porridge of cassava flour eaten with
stewed vegetables or fish. Sweet potatoes and rice are
also common. However, most families cannot afford to buy
red meat or chicken.
In rural areas, Angolans usually eat from communal
bowls. Older villagers take care of themselves or are
served first. If someone is offered the last portion, he
should mug and let the host or hostess bid both a second
and third time before accepting a yes. Among some
groups, men eat for themselves and women and children
for themselves. Angolans are hospitable and welcome
families and friends, or offer a restaurant or cafe in
Many Angolans are artistically interested and can
express it in both hairstyles and clothes. Modern and
western clothing is often seen in the cities, and young
people like to wear jeans and t-shirts. In the villages,
however, traditional garments are common. The women
often wear panos, which is a colorful batik
patterned fabric that is wrapped around the body.
Holidays and Holidays
Several important holidays are linked to the
country's dramatic history: on the day of martyrs on
January 4, the victims of the colonial oppression are
honored, the start of the liberation war in 1961 is
celebrated on February 4, the end of the civil war in
2002 on the Day of Peace and Reconciliation, April 4,
the country's first President Agostinho Netos is
celebrated on September 17 (born 1922) and Independence
Day 1975 occurs on November 11.
Christian holidays like Christmas and Easter are also
At the major national festivals, the national anthem,
Angola Avante (Forward Angola), often adopted
after independence is often played . You can also see
the Angolan flag in the national colors red, black and
By the independence of Portugal in 1975,
Angola had a relatively well-developed transport network
on land, at sea and in the air. But the communications
were largely destroyed during the civil war of
1975–2002. They are now being rebuilt.
All the railways were destroyed during the war in
attacks from South Africa and the Unitagerillan (see
also Modern history). In 2005, a major reconstruction
started with the help of credit and entrepreneurs from
mainly China. New lines also began to be built. In 2010,
the first stretches of colorful trains and modern
stations were opened.
Mining, repairs and remodeling have also been carried
out on the severely damaged road network, where almost
all bridges had collapsed. Many of these have been
repaired and several new bridges have been built. The
main roads between the largest cities and the ports of
western Angola can be used today, but inland in the east
the road standard is still poor. A new highway has been
built in the north-south direction.
The largest ports are in Lobito, Luanda and Namibe.
Imports to Angola are mainly via the port of Luanda,
while oil exports are mainly from the Malongo terminal
in Cabinda and in Soyo in the northwest. New commercial
ports are being built north of Luanda and in Cabinda.
As land transport became more and more dangerous
during the war, air travel took on a growing role,
especially for inland transport. Flight is still
important, and in addition to the old Luanda
International Airport, a new one has been built south of
the capital. In addition, there are over a hundred
domestic airports and a further more than 150 runways.
The national airline TAAG Linhas Aereas de Angola
receives extensive state aid in order to survive. During
the 2010s, the company invested in new modern aircraft.
Several privately owned companies operate the domestic
lines. The oil industry staff often flies with SonAir,
which is owned by the state oil company. A common
destination is Houston, Texas, USA.
Presidential elections are postponed
President dos Santos announces that the presidential
election will be postponed, from 2009 to 2012.
Angola exhibits diamond detectors
Angola exhibits Congolese diamond explorers.
Congo-Kinshasa responds by expelling Angolan citizens.
The government is turning to the IMF
In the wake of the financial crisis and falling oil
prices, the MPLA government is being forced to resume
negotiations with the IMF . The country receives
promises of new loans (see Finance).
Organizational members are arrested on peaceful
The regime is starting to arrest members of the
CMJSP-Lunda organization, which by peaceful means demand
financial and administrative autonomy for the
diamond-rich Lund provinces in northeastern Angola. For
a year and a half, nearly 40 people have been arrested,
accused of threatening state security.
Luanda is visited by the Pope
Pope John Paul II celebrates Mass for more than one
million people in Luanda.