Customs and traditions
Hospitality and courtesy are important
characteristics of Burkinis. It is part of the mossi
culture of the majority people that a person should not
attract too much attention or arouse jealousy by showing
himself or herself. This is especially true of rich
people. It is polite to ask how someone's family is
doing, as the family is the given point of reference in
Burkina Faso is a multicultural country without major
ethnic contradictions. It has given rise to jokes that
often allude to ethnic origin but are not perceived as
Overview of the capital city of Burkina Faso, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Government officials and uniformed persons are
approached with respect. Out in the villages,
traditional chieftains still have a strong influence and
Burkinis show deep respect for the elderly, and also for
the dead. Burials are seen as a transition from a living
human being to an ancestor.
Impatience is perceived as a sign of lack of respect.
Time is considered relative, what is not done today can
be done tomorrow. A proverb says that if you take the "I
am in a hurry" way you will come to the "if I had known"
Burkinier greeted by addressing and addressing
strangers with the French word for you - vous -
before getting to know each other properly.
Conversations are rarely direct, but are about general
topics at first.
In a workplace, employees should blend in by working
at the same rate as the group around them. Anyone who is
very productive is stressing their surroundings.
Food and meals
Millet and sorghum belong to the base food. Tô
is the most common dish for most Burkinis. It is a
porridge made from millet or cornmeal and eaten lukewarm
with spicy sauce cooked on different leaves and flavored
with peanut butter. In the south, yam plants are common
in food, but in the north where livestock management is
common, milk is an important part of the diet. Meat is
usually not eaten everyday, but at holidays and parties.
The local beer dolo, brewed on millet, is
popular and served in gourd.
In the cities, rice and pasta have replaced tô. There
you can also buy coffee, fried eggs and baguettes for
breakfast. The cities of Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso
have plenty of French, Italian, Chinese and Lebanese
Rural women usually wear long cotton skirts and tops.
The men dress in cotton shirt and trousers. In the
cities many western-influenced clothes wear. There are
no strict requirements on how to dress, although women
are expected to avoid very short skirts and earrings.
For practical reasons, it is good to use dark cotton
fabrics. All desert dust makes white or pastel colored
The stylish clothes from the Sankara era (see Modern
history) are common even today. They have also become
popular abroad under the name Faso dan Fani,
which is a modern form of handicraft fabrics. In the
1980s, civil servants had to dress Burkinian, and other
Burkinians were then invited in campaigns to dress in
fabrics made in the country.
Weekends and holidays
Independence Day, August 5 (1960) is a national
holiday, as is the day of former leader Thomas Sankara's
takeover of August 4 (1983). On October 15, it is noted
that Sankara was killed (1987) and December 11 is
Republic Day (the Republic was proclaimed in 1959).
Religious holidays are the Christian holidays, such
as Christmas, Easter and all Saints' Day, as well as the
Muslim holidays of the Prophet's day, the month of
fasting, the end of Ramadan (id al-fitr) and
the sacrificial feast (id al-adha).
The transport systems are poorly developed in
Burkina Faso, although major investments have been made
since the turn of the millennium. The country's
thousands of villages are often far from a road, which
is also rarely paved and often not passable during the
rainy season from June to October.
The most important transport route is the railway
that runs from the port city of Abidjan in Ivory Coast
via the Burkina cities of Bobo-Dioulasso and Ouagadougou
to Kaya in central Burkina Faso. Since the border with
the Ivory Coast was kept closed in 2002–2003 due to the
civil war there, a large part of the freight traffic has
continued to cross the road to ports in Ghana, Togo and
Benin. A new road from Kaya via Niger's capital Niamey
to the port of Cotonou in Benin is being built.
Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso have international
airports. A new international airport is being built in
Donsin, just over three miles outside the capital. It is
expected to be completed by 2030. The former state
airline Air Burkina has since 2001 been majority owned
by the private company group Aga Khan. The company does
domestic and regional flights.
Compaore is re-elected
In the presidential election, Compaoré gets 81
percent of the vote, against 8 percent for Hama Arba
Diallo and 5 percent for Bénéwendé Stanislas Sankara.
The losers accuse the regime of cheating. The turnout is
New gold mine inaugurated
The gold mining in the mine is expected to generate
significant revenue to the state budget.
Border dispute between Burkina Faso and Niger
Burkina Faso and Niger ask the International Court of
Justice in The Hague to resolve an old border dispute
(see also April 2013).
Warning for trips to Burkina Faso
France and the United States warn travelers to visit
Burkina Faso because of the risk of kidnappings carried
out by groups linked to the al-Qaeda terrorist network .
New opposition party is founded
A new political party, the Union for Progress and
Change (UPC), is formed with the ambition of pursuing a
"firm, objective and constructive Republican" policy.
The party, led by Zéphirin Diabré, does not want to sit
in any particular place on the right-left scale (see
also Political system).