Customs and traditions
As a visitor in Burundi, it may be wise not
to go too fast in the contacts with people you meet. A
half-century of violence and racist public rhetoric has
led some Burundians to look with some distrust at
Politeness, discretion and restraint can be described
as basic rules in the interaction with and between
burundians. Conversations can initially address neutral
and uncontroversial topics such as weather, health and
children. Avoid asking questions about someone's private
circumstances. Do not talk about the country's ethnic
conflict and do not discuss politics with strangers.
Sexuality is usually taboo as a topic of conversation.
Overview of the capital city of Burundi, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
At an initial contact, you must greet politely. Never
be a person who is not a close friend, rather be formal
in socializing. It is also advisable to dress up a
little too much, rather than dress too easily and risk
being considered uninjured.
Do not stand too close to the person you are talking
to unless you are close acquaintances and avoid direct
eye contact during the conversation. Avoid gesticulating
with your hands and try to keep the features in check.
Expressing feelings and thoughts through mineplay and
gestures is easily perceived as a sign that you are
Anyone who receives an invitation to a Burundian
family may expect that the food served is robust and
simple. It may appear with meat or fish to honor the
guest, but the meeting takes place in everyday forms,
most likely the food consists of root vegetables,
cooking bananas, beans, sweet potatoes and cabbage.
Probably also served ugali, a thick porridge of
cassava or corn flour. Probably beer also appears,
either the same kind of light beer as in the rest of the
world, or maybe impeke brewed on sorghum.
Impeke usually drinks with straw from a large common
container. Urwarwa is a popular wine made from
bananas. To refuse food or drink offered is very unfair.
Holidays and Holidays
In Burundi, the usual Christian and Muslim
celebrations are celebrated. The first non-religious
public holiday of the year is the unity day on February
5, in memory of the 1992 referendum on a new
constitution that would bridge the contradictions
between Hutu and Tutsi. On July 1, since 1962,
Independence Day is celebrated. On October 13, Rwagasore
Day is dedicated to the country's first people-elected
prime minister, Prince Louis Rwagasore, who was
assassinated this day in 1961. Just over a week later,
it's time for Ndadaye Day in memory of the first
democratically elected president, as well as the first
head of state, Melchior. Ndadadye, who was murdered that
day in 1993, shortly after taking power. Finally, on
November 28, the Republic Day is celebrated in memory of
the abolition of the monarchy in 1966.
Among traditional festivals related to indigenous
religions, the harvest festival kubandwa is noticed
when celebrating Kiranga, the leader of the spirits of
the deceased. It is a party with lots of singing and
dancing. Young men paint and decorate their bodies and
one of them represents Kiranga. The festivities end with
a ritual purification bath in a river. During the
fertility festival umuganoru, a girl, who is
innocent, initiates the dredging to the accompaniment of
a sanctified drum.
FNL leader Rwasa is running for president
Agathon Rwasa, leader of the former Huturebeller FNL,
announces that he will run in the 2010 presidential
New electoral law is adopted
Parliament adopts a new electoral law which
stipulates, among other things, that all political
offices down to the municipal level should be appointed
by universal suffrage;
The death penalty is abolished
Parliament adopts new criminal laws. The death
penalty is abolished, the age of the criminal
authorities is increased from 13 years to 15 years and
the penalty is increased for inhumane treatment of
FNL becomes a political party
The former hutumilis FNL is registered as a political
party as part of the peace agreement with the
Debt is written off
Donor countries within the so-called Paris Club write
off Burundi's debt of $ 134.3 million.
FNL is disarmed
The Huturebeller FNL begins, in accordance with an
agreement with the government, to surrender its weapons.
Burundi ready for debt cancellation
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World
Bank announce that Burundi is now meeting the debt
amortization requirements in accordance with the two
loan agencies' HIPC programs for heavily indebted poor
FNL puts down its weapons
Huturebellerna FNL ends the armed struggle. In
return, the government releases imprisoned FNL members.