Customs and traditions
Morocco is a hospitable country where it is
easy to make new acquaintances, but the customs are very
conservative with Swedish dimensions measured. Religion
characterizes people's lives. The rapid development and
influx of foreign tourists has led to increasing
cultural diversity, but also to growing tensions.
Morocco is an extremely hospitable country. Visitors
are usually warmly welcomed if they only make a little
effort to adapt to current standards. Most Moroccans get
to know a foreign visitor, and many open their homes to
new acquaintances. You show a great deal of respect for
Overview of the capital city of Morocco, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
Religion is important to most Moroccans and Islamic
customs characterize everyday life. Atheism is rare and
many may take criticism of Islam. Religious discussions
should be kept in mind. In addition, non-Muslim
missionary activities in Morocco are prohibited, and
Christian missionaries have been arrested and expelled.
Visitors should be careful in discussions about
politically charged topics, such as the Royal House or
the Western Sahara issue, not least because they may
happen to put their interlocutor in a difficult
Since Morocco is a tourist country, it is common in
some areas for begging, theft and fraud attempts
targeting foreigners, but crime is generally low and
Moroccan cities are safe to visit.
The customs differ between different parts of
Morocco, but especially between different generations
and social groups. In well-off urban groups, socializing
can often be conducted in the same way as in Europe, and
it is common for women to pursue careers. However, life
in the poor countryside is often characterized by deep
religiosity and traditionally strict distinction between
men and women.
It is not uncommon to see friends of the same sex
walk hand in hand, but men and women avoid touching each
other in public. Friends of the same sex often kiss on
the cheek, but love couples do not show affection in
public, for example, by hugging or kissing.
Homosexuality is illegal. Moroccan women and men usually
do not take each other's hand when greeting. Some men
also do not want to say goodbye when foreign women reach
out; it should not be misunderstood as a sign of
disrespect. " Al-salam alaykum ", Arabic for
"Peace be upon you", is a common greeting phrase. The
answer is " wa-alaykum al-salam " ("Above your
Modern western clothing is the norm in cities,
especially among men. Most Moroccan women wear Muslim
veil, hijab, over hair, neck and shoulders. In
some strictly religious families, women wear a veil that
also covers their face, so-called niqab. The
clothing style in the countryside varies from region to
region, but different forms of hoods and caftans are
common, especially among the elderly. The Saharan women
in southern Morocco and Western Sahara dress in a
loose-fitting, colorful garment called melhfa (malhafa),
while the men traditionally wear a shawl that is also
used as a turban, which sometimes covers their mouth and
Non-Muslim female visitors to Morocco are not
expected to cover their hair, but should dress
conservatively, not for example in short skirts. Despite
this, foreign women in some areas attract a lot of
attention, sometimes unwanted ones. The important thing,
for both women and men, is to use common sense and take
into account the local people's traditions. Of course,
other norms prevail among the tourist creams in a
seaside resort than in a remote mountain village.
Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter mosques
according to the Malekite law school that applies in
Morocco. An exception is the large Hassan II Mosque in
Casablanca, which is open to tourists.
Morocco is one of the world's largest cannabis
producers. Many Moroccans smoke " kif "
themselves quite openly, and especially in the northern
parts of the country, it is common for visiting
foreigners to be offered drugs. It is illegal and it is
sometimes the case that tourists are subjected to
extortion if they accept the offer.
Alcohol is prohibited by the Qur'an, but not by
Moroccan law. Most Moroccan Muslims do not drink, and
many associate alcohol with a lack of morals, abuse and
crime, much like drugs are considered in Sweden.
However, wine and beer are produced domestically in
several brands, and are available in all major cities,
both at finer restaurants and nightclubs and more or
less light-shaded bars.
Vegetarianism is very uncommon in Morocco. Although
there are rarely any problems finding simpler vegetarian
food, it can be difficult to explain what you want. Very
few Moroccan cities and areas are adapted for the
disabled. Smoke allergists learn to have problems:
cigarettes are lit in all possible and impossible
Holidays and Holidays
The holidays of Islam fall according to the lunar
calendar and thus move over the year. During the fasting
month of Ramadan, a Muslim may not eat, drink or smoke
as long as the sun is up, but this is taken again when
the fast is broken (iftar). The fasting and the
night wakes can be very tiring, especially in the years
when the Ramadan falls in the summer heat. Non-Muslims
should respect this by discreetly managing their own
day-to-day consumption. The most important Islamic
feasts are id sghir ("the small feast", also
called id al-fitr), which ends the Ramadan, and
id kbir ("the great feast", id al-adha)
which follows 70 days later and is celebrated by the
slaughter of a may.
The secular holidays and feast days include the
wedding day (July 30, in memory of King Mohammed's
coronation), the green march (November 6, in
memory of the entrance into Western Sahara),
Independence Day (November 18), and more. The
country's election language is " allah, al-watan,
al-malik ", Arabic for "God, the motherland, the
Violent in Western Sahara
Unrest erupts since a protest camp outside El Aaiún is stormed by security
forces. Eleven Moroccan policemen and two saharis are killed. In the following
days, Moroccan nationalists are avenged by attacking Saharan houses and
Morocco holds its first summit with the EU countries as a result of the
country's so-called "advanced status" in October 2008.
Newspaper is forced to close
Le Journal hebdomadaire magazine closes after several years of fighting
against the authorities, with recurring advocacy and ad boycotts. The Weekly
magazine has since 1997 carried on digging journalism on taboo issues such as
the royal house's finances, the military and Western Sahara.
The Commission will investigate decentralization
King Mohammed appoints an "advisory regionalization commission", which will
investigate the issues surrounding provincial border demarcation and power
sharing ahead of the planned decentralization reform, which will, among other
things, facilitate the introduction of local self-government in Western Sahara.