Customs and traditions
Etiquette plays a central role in São Tomé
and Príncipe. When meeting friends and acquaintances, it
is important to give proper health and to ask how the
person is feeling and how his or her family is doing.
Elderly people are treated with special respect,
especially if they have many children and grandchildren.
Being invited to someone's home is a favorite that is
mostly made friends. Familiars often meet and talk out
on the street or by the fence to the garden.
Overview of the capital city of Sao Tome and Principe, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
The food traditions are mainly African, but have
Portuguese influences. Everyday food consists of root
vegetables, food bananas, regular bananas and fish. Meat
is rarely eaten. Calulu is a typical Tomean
dish, made on fish or meat as well as sweet potatoes,
tomatoes, garlic, palm oil and more. Sometimes shrimp
are also added. The casserole is served with beans. You
also make other pots with palm oil, vegetables and root
moisture. There are plenty of native root vegetables,
vegetables and spices. There are also a variety of
fruits, such as papaya, guava, breadfruit and citrus
fruits. However, São Tomé and Príncipe are largely
dependent on imported foods, such as rice, bread and
wheat flour, which now belong to the basic food, at
least in urban areas.
Mostly, tomeans eat cooked food in the evening, while
breakfast consists of leftovers from the heated dinner,
or from tea and bread. Corn is eaten as a snack.
Those with a financial opportunity can invite lunch
or dinner guests to feijoada, a bean pan that
originally comes from Portugal and has become a national
dish in Brazil. Palm wine is the most common beverage.
On solemn occasions, such as weddings and funerals, a
wide range of dishes appear in Portuguese manner. Among
other things, you eat grilled goat or chicken meat or,
if you can afford, beef.
The most important holidays are Christmas, New Year,
Easter, May 1, Halloween, Martyrs Day (February 3),
Independence Day (July 12), Armed Forces Day (September
6) and Earth Reform Day (September 30).
ADI forms a new government
ADI leader Patrice Trovoada becomes prime minister for a new ADI government.
ADI largest in parliament
In the parliamentary elections, the opposition party wins ADI's own majority
in the legislative assembly, with 33 out of 55 seats. MLSTP-PSD backs 5 mandates
and lands at 16. PCD decreases from 7 to 5 mandates. Just under a fifth of the
new members are women. The election is conducted under calm conditions. In the
local elections, ADI wins five of six districts on the main island of São Tomé
but receives no representation on Príncipe, where the local party UMPP is
clearly the largest.
Oil cooperation with Nigeria
Together with Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe will begin to try new
unconventional methods for jointly extracting oil at sea.
National dialogue is held
President Pinto da Costa initiates a so-called national dialogue and brings
together political parties, voluntary organizations and other associations to
discuss important issues affecting the country. Deputy Prime Minister Trovoada's
party ADI abstains on the grounds that the party believes that the process
violates the Constitution. The talks last for six days and end with a number of
non-binding recommendations being issued. The proposals include prohibitions on
voting, shorter terms of office, measures against corruption, improvements in
the legal system and a change in the country's administrative division.
The army chief is leaving
About 300 government soldiers strike for higher wages as well as better
housing and health care. At the same time, the Presidential Guard refuses to
serve at the airport when President Pinto da Costa will travel to
Congo-Brazzaville on a state visit. When the army chief resigns, there is
speculation about an imminent coup, but a week later the president appoints
Colonel Justino Lima as the new army chief. Lima was previously an adviser to
Pinto da Costa.
Taiwan assists in IT efforts
Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou visits São Tomé and promises that Taiwan will
help build a number of digital centers in the country.
The government is being reformed
President Pinto da Costa dismisses Health Minister Leonel Pontes after it was
revealed that he had let Taiwanese aid money go to himself and his relatives
instead of to the Treasury. A few weeks later, nine new ministers, including a
health minister, are appointed in connection with a government reform. An
important task for the new government will be to strengthen the tourism