The closure is partly illegal
A court ruled that parts of the strict shutdown in South Africa violate the
Constitution. In the ruling, Judge Norman Davis addresses certain rules that
violate citizens' freedoms and rights without any evidence of how the
restrictions prevent the spread of infection. The government will appeal the
verdict. The following day, the business organization Sakeliga wins another
legal battle with the government for relief of the coronary restrictions. The
opposition party DA has also drawn the government before the court to try the
Overview of the capital city of South Africa, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
The coronary restriction is softened
South Africa is easing the rules that apply in the efforts to limit the
coronas center in the country. Among other things, public transport can start
rolling, millions return to their jobs and it is now allowed to buy alcohol
between Mondays and Thursdays, causing long queues outside the shops. Schools
will open next week. The shutdown that started at the end of March has been
described as among the toughest in the world and around 250,000 people have been
arrested or fined for breaking the rules. Tobacco and alcohol smuggling has gone
up but the crimes of violence have gone down under the harsh corona rules. The
closure is said to have cost the country's economy many billions, and as
estimated by the Tax Agency, as many as 1.8 million jobs may have been lost.
Liberal opposition party The Democratic Alliance wants the restrictions to be
lifted completely while the opposition party on the left side EFF criticizes the
easing and warns of increased spread of infection. To date, 705 people of South
Africa's nearly 60 million residents have died in the suites of covid-19.
The opposition questions measures against the corona
The Democratic Alliance (DA) is dragging the government to court to have some
of the restrictions imposed in the fight against corona tested. South Africa's
strict rules eased slightly on May 1, but the DA is questioning the time limit
for when on the day South Africans may train and the curfew after 8 pm. The DA
also urges the government to completely abolish the closure due to the high cost
of society. South Africa is the hardest-hit country in the region and has
mobilized health and medical personnel to carry out mass tests of the
population. The goal is to test 10,000 people daily, but the laboratories are
unable to cope with the increased workload, test equipment begins to press and
the criticism of mass testing increases. The number of infected people in the
country continues to rise, the worst affected is the Western Cape Province.
Prisoners are released to prevent the spread of infection
In order to prevent the spread of covid-19 in the country's prisons, 19,000
prisoners are released on condition. Only "low risk prisoners" are covered by
the release. A few days later, it is found that the number of coronas infected
in South Africa exceeds 10,000 and just under 200 people have died as a result
of the viral disease. The country is the hardest hit in sub-Saharan Africa.
Since the restrictions were eased slightly on May 1, companies in the
manufacturing and mining industries have been able to start again. Restaurants
are allowed to deliver food for take-out and three hours each morning the South
Africans get to exercise outdoors. The sale of tobacco and alcohol is still
prohibited. South Africa has launched an experiment with TBC vaccine to reduce
the risk of being infected by covid-19 or to alleviate the symptoms of infected.
Massive rescue packages should help the vulnerable
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announces that the state will invest
the equivalent of $ 26 billion on a social and economic rescue package to
mitigate the effects of the country's shutdown. Among other things, the money
will go to increased social grants, food packages and support to the unemployed.
The health budget is also being expanded to improve the capacity of healthcare
during the pandemic. Another 73,000 soldiers will begin patrolling the country's
streets to ensure compliance with the corona rules. So far, nearly 130 public
servants have been arrested for violating the restrictions, the majority of whom
are police and many of them have sold confiscated alcohol to the public.
Food upset and hunger crisis
The unrest in the poor housing areas is growing. Across the country, violent
protests against the country's shutdown have taken place. Police meet protesters
with tear gas and rubber bullets. Several grocery stores have been looted and
anger rises as the promised food packages from the state do not reach the needy.
The government has earmarked the equivalent of 2.2 million US dollars for food
for the poor. A few days later, President Cyril Ramaphosa, in his weekly speech,
expressed his disgust at the suspicions that sailed that public servants in
several provinces seized the emergency broadcasts and then sold food packages or
distributed them to his family and relatives.
The shutdown is extended
In an effort to reduce the rate of infection spread by covid-19, President
Cyril Ramaphosa extends the shutdown of the country by two weeks. The day
before, Ramaphosa punished the Minister of Communications and IT, Stella
Ndabeni-Abrahams, for breaking the national restrictions and lunching with
friends. Ndabeni-Abrahams is suspended for two months. It is the other minister
who is blamed for not following the new rules. In another disciplinary case, a
few days later, four police officers are arrested who are suspected of violating
the alcohol ban that applies during the shutdown.
Asylum seekers and migrants were intercepted
Police storm a church in central Cape Town, evicting hundreds of migrants and
asylum seekers. Most of the migrants come from Congo-Kinshasa and Burundi and
have occupied the church since February when they were forced out of the camp
they had set up outside the UN Refugee Agency. The migrants are taken to
temporary housing outside the city where the authorities have prepared a place
for the city's homeless in accordance with the new coronary restrictions.
Violence in the tracks of the coronas
A police officer and a security guard are arrested on suspicion of shooting a
man who violated the new coronary restrictions. In total, three people are
believed to have been killed for failing to obey the rules that apply during the
country's shutdown (see March 26, 2020). Several film clips on
social media show how police and police forces are guilty of assault and
violations. In order to keep queuing to keep the distance between each other,
police have shot with rubber bullets and used whips. Defense Minister Nosiviwe
Mapisa-Nqakula condemns the abuse.
Curfew in the fight against corona
At midnight, South Africa begins a three-week shutdown to fight the corona
virus. In the past, schools have been closed and strict travel restrictions have
been introduced for travelers to and from high-risk countries. Now the bans are
tightened and military is deployed to assist the police with surveillance.
According to the new rules, no one is allowed to move outside their home except
to visit a doctor, go to the bank or buy food and other essentials. Healthcare
professionals, police and those working in social functions are exempt from the
restrictions. All alcohol and cigarette sales are prohibited. All bars, cafes,
restaurants and most shops are closed. Anyone who violates the rules risks
imprisonment or fines.
Court cleans Ramaphosa
The Pretoria court that examined the Ombudsman's report on President Cyril
Ramaphosa cleans the president of all suspicions. In a review, the Ombudsman has
accused Ramaphosa of darkening a donation to his campaign to win the role of ANC
leader (see Aug. 12, 2019). In his report, the Ombudsman also
highlighted suspicions of money laundering in connection with the donation.
Following today's ruling, criticism against the Ombudsman is increasing and her
position is increasingly being questioned.
The first corona case is found
South Africa's first case of coronavirus is discovered when a man who has
been to Italy returns home and is tested positive for covid-19. Ten days later,
domestic dispersal is observed in the country.
Uncertain electricity generation beds for the recession
For the second time in two years, South Africa is experiencing a recession.
The debt is mainly attributable to the state-owned company Eskom's inability to
meet the country's electricity needs. The scheduled power cuts that Eskom
introduced to avoid a total failure are estimated to have cost hundreds of
millions in 2019. In addition, South Africa has a large government debt, very
high unemployment, low growth and several economic sectors that are going
Court orders that former President Zuma be arrested
The trial of ex-president Jacob Zuma is postponed. Zuma's lawyers refer to
the president's health condition, but the court does not accept the medical
certificate presented by the lawyers. Instead, the court issues an order for
Zuma to be arrested. The order will not take effect until May 6, when the trial
will resume. Among other things, Zuma is suspected of having received bribes in
connection with the large arms deal in 1999 between South Africa and several
European countries, including Sweden. The case has been going on for over a
decade and the ex-president has used every conceivable opportunity to delay the
trial. In November, Zuma lost yet another attempt to appeal the prosecution. At
the same time, investigations into corruption crimes are ongoing during Zuma's
time as President 2009–2018 (see July 15, 2019).
Convicting verdict for racist slurs
A man who, while traveling in Greece, filmed himself using his cellphone when
he pledged that there was "not a single kaffir in sight" is sentenced to two
years of probation or a fine of $ 3,200. The man has pleaded guilty. The word
"kaffir" is a racist belligerent that whites used extensively against the
country's black majority under the apartheid system (see Modern History). In
2018, a real estate agent was sentenced to three years in prison, one of which
is conditional, for repeatedly calling a policeman for "kaffir". It was the
first judgment of its kind. In a similar case in 2016, a woman was sentenced to
fines for racially speaking out against blacks.
Chaos at Parliament's opening
The opposition party on the left, EFF, objects to the participation of the
apartheid regime's last president, FW de Klerk, in the opening of parliament.
The party's representatives call De Klerk "killer" and demand that he remove
himself. The protests also target the Minister of State-owned companies, Pravin
Gordhan, who the EFF believes has run the companies at the bottom. The President
decides to temporarily close the session and the EFF leaves the Chamber. In a
delayed speech to the nation, President Cyril Ramaphosa promises fewer
restrictions on independent electricity producers, a simpler procedure for
starting new businesses and investments in the railway network, cheap housing
and student housing. The speech highlights a number of challenges such as the
country's high youth unemployment, poor growth and high government debt.
Illegal miners are killed by rivals
Nine miners from South Africa's neighbor Lesotho are stoned to death. The
nine worked illegally in the country. The perpetrators suspected to be behind
the act are also the illegal miners from Lesotho. According to the South African
Human Rights Commission, thousands of people are active in the illegal gold
mining that takes place in abandoned mines. Work is associated with great
dangers and violence between rival groups is common.